Water Treatment in Burkina Faso: The Significance of Reverse Osmosis Plant
CHUNKE projects of Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment in Burkina Faso including different types of water treatment systems.
Before starting Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment in Burkina Faso, first we learn more about this country. Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of 274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi), bordered by Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Ivory Coast to the southwest. As of 2021, the country had an estimated population of 20,321,378. Previously called Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984). It was renamed Burkina Faso by President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabès, and its capital and largest city is Ouagadougou. Its name is often translated into English as the “Land of Honest Men”.
The largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso is the Mossi people, who settled the area in the 11th and 13th centuries. They established powerful kingdoms such as the Ouagadougou, Tenkodogo, and Yatenga. In 1896, it was colonizing by the French as part of French West Africa; in 1958, Upper Volta became a self-governing colony within the French Community. In 1960, it gained full independence with Maurice Yaméogo as president. Throughout the decades post independence, the country was subject to instability, droughts, famines and corruption. Various coups have also taken place in the country, in 1966, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, and twice in 2022, in January and in September, as well as an attempt in 1989 and another in 2015.
The Importance of Water Treatment in Burkina Faso
1. Water Contamination and Public Health
In Burkina Faso, waterborne diseases pose a severe threat to public health. Contaminated water sources harbor pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites, leading to the spread of diseases like cholera, dysentery, and typhoid fever. These diseases can cause significant morbidity and mortality, particularly affecting vulnerable populations, including children and the elderly. Implementing effective water treatment methods is crucial to address these health challenges.
2. Limited Freshwater Resources
Burkina Faso’s geographical location makes it vulnerable to water scarcity. The country experiences a dry climate and has limited access to freshwater sources, primarily relying on surface water and groundwater. Rapid population growth and environmental factors, including climate change, further strain the availability of safe drinking water. Reverse osmosis technology can help overcome these challenges by purifying existing water sources, making them safe for consumption.
Water Resources in Burkina Faso
Between 1971 and 2020, Burkina Faso renewable water resources remained stable at around 13.5 billion cubic meters per year.
- Renewable surface water: 9 billion cubic meters per year
- Renewable groundwater: 9.5 billion cubic meters per year
- Renewable water resources per capita: 645.8 cubic meters per year
- Dependency ratio: 7.4 %
Meanwhile, CHUNKE provides wide range of filtration and economical solutions based on the Burkina Fasos’s water resources. Our water treatment in Burkina Faso becomes more popular.
Burkina Faso’s main water resources are:
- Surface water is water from river, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such ass Ultrafiltration Systems, Brackish Water RO accordingly.
- Ground Water or brackish water is from water located in the pore space of soil and rock “Borehole well”, which can be treated using Reverse Osmosis Systems, Borehole Water Filtration Systems, Well Water Filtration Systems, Chemical Dosing, UV Water Sterilizer accordingly.
- Government water supply, which could have high level of hardness or high level of chlorine, can be treated with Water Softener System, Media Water Filters.
Water Challenges in Burkina Faso
Water scarcity is a pressing issue in Burkina Faso, with limited access to clean and safe water for many communities. The country’s water resources are highly dependent on seasonal rainfall, which varies significantly across different regions. In the southern part of the country, where the wet season lasts for six months, average rainfall can reach up to 1,200mm. However, in the northern regions, the wet season lasts for only three months, and rainfall is as low as 300mm. This stark difference in rainfall patterns affects the availability of water for both drinking and agricultural purposes.
Moreover, Burkina Faso faces challenges in water storage due to high evaporation rates. Building dams has been a common practice to store water for the dry season, but open reservoirs are susceptible to significant water losses through evaporation, which can reach up to 2,000mm per year. Additionally, the country shares a substantial portion of its surface water resources with neighboring countries, posing further challenges in water management and equitable distribution.
Understanding More Water Treatment in Burnika Faso
The scarcity of water resources in Burkina Faso has severe consequences for public health and economic development. The World Bank reports that at least 80 countries, including Burkina Faso, experience water shortages, and approximately 2 billion people lack access to clean water. Insufficient access to clean water leads to increased risks of waterborne diseases and hampers the overall well-being and productivity of the population.
CHUNKE has over 15 years of experience as a global provider of B2B water treatment solutions for a variety of applications and industries, we offer a large selection of all types of reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, electrodeionization and water treatment systems to meet your industrial needs accordingly. CHUNKE’s extensive global experience in engineering and manufacturing allows us to pre-engineer and customize water treatment and reverse osmosis systems to meet a wide range of customer requirements and specifications.
CHUNKE Projects of Water Treatment in Burkina Faso
100LPH Reverse Osmosis System for Borehole
1000LPH Brackish Water Desalination System
3000LPH Reverse Osmosis System for Drinking
3000LPH RO Water Purifier for Hospital
The Role of Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment
Reverse osmosis (RO) has emerged as a reliable and efficient method of water treatment in Burkina Faso. RO systems utilize a semi-permeable membrane to remove impurities and contaminants from water, ensuring the production of clean and safe drinking water. These systems are particularly effective in treating brackish water and groundwater, which are commonly used as water sources in the country.
Surface Water Treatment
Surface water, derived from rivers, lakes, or freshwater wetlands, can be treated using various methods to make it suitable for consumption. Ultrafiltration systems and brackish water RO systems are commonly employed to treat surface water sources in Burkina Faso. Ultrafiltration systems utilize membranes with a pore size of around 0.01 microns to remove suspended solids, bacteria, and viruses from the water. Brackish water RO systems, on the other hand, employ the principle of reverse osmosis to desalinate brackish water, reducing its salt content and making it safe for drinking.
Groundwater, often obtained from borehole wells, is another important water source in Burkina Faso. However, the quality of groundwater can vary, and treatment is often necessary to remove contaminants and ensure its suitability for consumption. Reverse osmosis systems, chemical dosing, and UV water sterilizers are commonly used in groundwater treatment. Reverse osmosis systems effectively remove dissolved salts, minerals, and other impurities from the water, producing high-quality drinking water. Chemical dosing is employed to disinfect and stabilize the water, while UV water sterilizers use ultraviolet light to kill bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms.
Government Water Supply Treatment
In some cases, the government water supply in Burkina Faso may have high levels of hardness or chlorine, making it necessary to implement additional treatment measures. Water softener systems and media water filters are commonly used to treat government water supplies. Water softener systems remove excess minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, which cause water hardness. Media water filters, on the other hand, utilize different filter media, such as sand or activated carbon, to remove impurities and improve water quality.